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Lung Cancer and Mesothelioma

Posted: 18 May 2016 07:34 AM PDT

Lung Cancer and Mesothelioma

Lung Cancer and Mesothelioma - When it comes to cancerous conditions of the lungs, there is traditional lung cancer and Mesothelioma. Many victims who get Mesothelioma may think they have lung cancer, since the lungs are an affected area. However, lung cancer and Mesothelioma are two totally different diseases. The differences between lung cancer and Mesothelioma can be seen by: how the diseases progress, the cause of the diseases and the frequency in which they occur among the general public.

The biggest difference between lung cancer and Mesothelioma is how the diseases progress in the body. Firstly, Mesothelioma attacks the lining around the outer layer of the lungs, not the lungs themselves. And when it does attack, it will due so through a series of complex, interconnecting tumors. It is this nature of the disease that makes it difficult to treat, whether it's through chemotherapy or surgery. Yet, traditional lung cancer attacks the lungs directly through separate, individual tumors. Though there can be several of them, when it comes to lung cancer and Mesothelioma, treatment is a bit easier because the tumors with lung cancer have clearly-defined boundaries. Granted, people still die from lung cancer, but in comparison to Mesothelioma, traditional lung cancer sufferers have a much better chance of getting cured.

The second difference between lung cancer and Mesothelioma is in how the diseases are caused. Traditional lung cancer is caused by smoking, (with a few rarer incidents of those getting the disease for no known reason). On the other hand, Mesothelioma is a result of asbestos exposure. So, when it comes to lung cancer and Mesothelioma, one could say that lung cancer is more due to the individual's actions, while Mesothelioma is due to the lack of action by governmental entities and/or companies where there are jobs requiring one to work around a lot of asbestos.

The final difference between lung cancer and Mesothelioma is how often the diseases occur in the population. Traditional lung cancer has around 200,000 cases each year, while Mesothelioma only has 3,000. Fortunately, the numbers of both are able to decline due to individual intervention and governmental intervention. Individual intervention is done by simply not smoking, while governmental intervention is done by forbidding asbestos use.

In conclusion, while both lung cancer and Mesothelioma are very devastating diseases, they are not the same. However, the treatment options available for both of them are. Basically, if one has lung cancer or Mesothelioma, they will undergo chemotherapy and/or surgery to remove the lesions. And, both lung cancer and Mesothelioma sufferers will experience the same type of side effects associated with these alternatives. This includes being ill, losing hair and/or being in a lot of pain. Lung cancer sufferers have a better chance of finding success from these treatments, while things tend to be more of a long shot for Mesothelioma victims. Either way, both lung cancer and Mesothelioma must be strong when dealing with their conditions. While they should be aware of the reality of the situation, they should do everything they can to keep hope alive that they will be the ones who will survive.

Epithelioid Mesothelioma

Posted: 17 May 2016 04:44 PM PDT

Epithelioid Mesothelioma

Epithelioid Mesothelioma - The signs for both Epithelioid Mesothelioma and adenocarcinoma of the lung are very similar. In fact, it can be very difficult for medical professionals to tell the difference. The origin is the main factor in determination as well as some faint variances in shape.

The mesothelium is an epithelium that is a particular layer of tissue that surrounds organs any human being's body. No matter where this is located is there to protect the body serving many functions such as absorption, filtration, secretion, excretion, and even allowing one to have a sense of touch.

Mesothelioma occurs in the outer epithelium after a patient has been exposed to micro fibers in asbestos. These fibers can sit in the epithelium and go unnoticed for as long as 30 to 50 years. Epithelioid mesothelioma occurs in the mesothelium as adenocarcinoma originates in the inner epithelium of an organ.

Although both have similar cellular appearance, epitheliod mesothelioma is regularly uniform, cube-shaped and spread out. Many physicians suggest that if a patient has been exposed to asbestos and has also received a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma then a second opinion may be in order to rule out mesothelioma.

Asbestos is the main cause of Epithelioid Mesothelioma and the numbers of patients being diagnosed with the disease are growing more and more every day. This is most likely because many of the patients that are receiving the most common form of the epitheloiod mesothelioma are people who have been exposed to asbestos many years ago while most were unaware of the significant impact that this product has on the life of a human being. The good news is that without the presence of asbestos the number of diagnoses will begin to shrink.

There are four various types of mesothelioma:

  • Sarcomatoid
  • Epithelioid
  • Biphasic
  • Desmoplastic

Out of the four, epithelioid accounts for 50 to 70% of all mesothelioma cases. The biphasic mesothelioma patients are said to have a poorer prognosis than the other three because these types of tumors are so resistant to treatment that more aggressive approaches are utilized in an attempt to allowing the patient to live a little bit longer.

Many may hear epithelioid mesothelioma being referred to as asbestos cancer and in many ways this is a term that can accurately be coined. This cancer can be found in the lungs, lining of the chest, or abdomen, and the most difficult factor for any patient to learn is that these epithelioid tumors are rarely benign.

In addition, there are also subtypes of epithelioid and a few of them are:

  • Glandular
  • Histiocytoid
  • Adenoid cystic
  • Tubulapapillary
  • Macrocystis
  • Microcystic
  • In Situ
  • Mucin Positive

Treatment for epithelioid mesothelioma is the same as any other type of Mesothelioma. It all depends upon what stage of cancer patient is in as well as the location of the tumor. Each type; however, will respond differently to each form of treatment and the prognosis for those patients with malignant epithelioid mesothelioma is better than those of other types.

Diagnosed With Mesothelioma

Posted: 17 May 2016 04:19 PM PDT

http://www.mesoth.net/2016/05/diagnosed-with-mesothelioma.html
Diagnosed With Mesothelioma

Diagnosed with Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a cancer that is almost exclusively related to asbestos exposure, either through working directly with asbestos products or being in close proximity to someone who has been exposed to asbestos products. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with mesothelioma, there are legal options available to you to help pay for the expenses related to treatment.

Asbestos Use

In the United States, it has been estimated that there are more than 5,000 products that are commonly used that have asbestos in them. Asbestos is a mined mineral that has been mined in the United States since the 1800s. However, it did not come into extensive use until after World War II, where it was used in almost everything from textiles to construction materials to playground materials to brakes.

While asbestos can be found extensively in manufacturing, construction and demolition, railroad and the automotive industries, there are also many other industries that have continued to use products and materials with high levels of asbestos, despite the risks of these activities being known for many years now.

September 11 Recovery Workers

One of the groups of workers that have shown a sudden spike in being diagnosed with mesothelioma are firefighters and recovery workers who worked in the efforts at the World Trade Center site in New York City after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. These workers were exposed to horrific amounts of asbestos fibers in the demolition and destroyed building materials.

Unlike other mesothelioma victims, however, 9/11 recovery workers have developed symptoms much earlier and been diagnosed with mesothelioma a mere few years after asbestos exposure. Typically, mesothelioma does not develop until many years after exposure to asbestos fibers – as long as 30 years or longer. This difference is a good indication of the surprisingly high levels of asbestos exposure 9/11 recovery workers were subject to after the terrorist attacks.

Development of Mesothelioma

Mesothelial cells are located in the membrane linings of the body. The most common forms of mesothelioma are pleural and abdominal or peritoneal. The pleura is located in the chest and covers the lungs; the peritoneum is the membrane that covers the intestinal and digestive tract. Asbestos fibers become lodged between the mesothelial cells, which become irritated and inflamed. In response, cancerous tissue develops.

Initial symptoms of mesothelioma can be extremely vague, which is why it is typical for people to be diagnosed with mesothelioma in the later stages of the illness. Pleural symptoms include a dry cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and pain when drawing a breath. Abdominal symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, lumps or masses in the abdomen, fever, night sweats and unexplained changes in weight.

In order to be diagnosed with mesothelioma, not only does a thorough and complete history need to be taken with a physical exam, but also x-rays, CT scans and ultrasound will show accumulation of fluid in the mesothelial membranes.

Treatment

Although there is no cure once a person is diagnosed with mesothelioma, treatment options include pain management, surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. For some patients it may be necessary to go through radiation treatment to reduce the size of tumors before surgery. Also, intracellular injection of medications after surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment.

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