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Benign Cystic Mesothelioma

Posted: 13 May 2016 01:04 PM PDT
Benign Cystic Mesothelioma

Benign Cystic Mesothelioma - A type of Mesothelioma, benign cystic mesothelioma is described as an uncommon mesothelial proliferation with a tendency to reoccur. Despite the tendency to reoccur, these lesions are nevertheless benign. The most common occurrences of these lesions tend to be in women, especially those who are in the age group for reproduction. The ratio of occurrence for benign cystic mesothelioma is approximately 5:1 between women and men.

At current, the natural history and the pathogenesis for the benign cystic mesothelioma condition are as yet poorly defined because there is only a minimum amount of information currently available. Most patients who are diagnosed with benign cystic mesothelioma actually have history of having a previous pelvic operation, pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis.

Many patients who have benign cystic mesothelioma are asymptomatic, meaning that there are no symptoms occurring that reveal the existence of the lesion or lesions. Instead this particular tumor is most commonly found incidentally. Symptoms of a variable level of intensity are still capable of occurring depending on the size of the benign cystic mesothelioma tumor. Some of the classic symptoms and signs of benign cystic mesothelioma include abdominal tenderness, abdominal pain and a mass in the abdominal or pelvic areas.

The preoperative diagnosis for a benign cystic mesothelioma tumor is often difficult to make. There are diagnostic procedures such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound and magnetic resonance imagine (MRI) that are capable of demonstrating that an abnormality is present that may suggest benign cystic mesothelioma, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is by way of surgery.

The lesions created by benign cystic mesothelioma are considered to be borderline because they are incapable of metastasis. However, it is important to know that the lesions associated with benign cystic mesothelioma tend to have a propensity for recurring on a local basis.

This is still a largely misunderstood cancer, especially as preoperative diagnosis is problematic because CT scans and ultrasounds are incapable of differentiating between benign cystic mesothelioma and other types of cystic lesions. Fine needle aspiration is being considered as a potential diagnostic tool, but this method is not typically informative enough to be exploited as a primary diagnostic tool for benign cystic mesothelioma.

The most accurate diagnostic method for benign cystic mesothelioma is Laparoscopy, as it makes local biopsy possible for the suspected tissue specimen. Unfortunately, this diagnostic method is rather invasive in nature.

Another problem associated with benign cystic mesothelioma is that there are no uniform treatment strategies that are associated with peritoneal benign cystic mesothelioma. The mainstay of treatment is the complete eradication of all peritoneal cysts, though recurrence is always still a risk. The risk of tumor recurrence sits at around 50 % to 60 %, which is relatively common as far as mesothelioma type cancers are concerned. This is still a rare form of tumor, as there are only a small number of reported cases of benign cystic mesothelioma every year.

Benign Mesothelioma

Posted: 12 May 2016 03:29 PM PDT
Benign Mesothelioma

Benign Mesothelioma - Asbestos has been known to cause benign mesothelioma as well as malignant mesothelioma in employees who have had exposure to this agent in the workplace as well as those who have become exposed in other areas.

A mesothelioma diagnosis can occur anywhere from 20 to 40 years after exposure to asbestos. When fibers from asbestos are either inhaled or ingested otherwise they can become lodged in the lining of the abdomen, heart, or lungs.

The amount of fiber exposure that caused this benign mesothelioma is unknown to the medical profession as well as why or how asbestos causes this disease. They do know; however, that if the fibers are lodged in the lungs ones natural defense mechanism in the body will try to break them down in an attempt to remove them.  This process can lead to inflammation of the lung tissue which can eventually lead to cancer.

Although a patient may have a case of mesothelioma that is benign, from time to time these can become cancerous. Recently, these types of tumors or cysts have been more commonly referred to as a solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. The biggest difference and the most important difference is that the benign form of these tumors does not spread.

Pelvic pain and/or lower abdominal pain are the most common benign mesothelioma symptoms. If the benign tumor is in the heart or the lungs and the symptoms will include chest pain, shortness of breath, along with a chronic cough. A physician may notice that either a benign or malignant tumor may be present if they observed that the patient presents with clubbed fingers, meaning that the mailbag takes on a distorted angle. Dangerously low levels of oxygen in the blood stream are what cause this phenomenon.

Testing for diagnosing benign mesothelioma are the same as the tests used for malignant mesothelioma. The impossibility to distinguish one from the other is what makes the use of diagnostic imaging for both types and necessity. The tests used to distinguish one from the other begin with:

  • X-Ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Open lung biopsy

Often times the physician will recommend that the cysts be removed by surgery in order to relieve the symptoms. It is important to note; however, that many times there will be no symptoms and the disease will be detected in routine radiologic procedures.

Due to the increased links between benign Mesothelioma and malignant mesothelioma to exposure to asbestos, this material is rarely used in today's world.  Prior to the 1940s and 1950s this product was used in many places of business, factories, shipyards, oil refineries, and other areas making the occurrence of mesothelioma very high. The good news is that with the elimination of the asbestos in all of our lives, we should see the instances of this disease reduced in numbers greatly.

After one has had the surgery to remove the benign mesothelioma cysts or tumors should continue to have regular checkups as well as x-rays. The presence of the benign form of the disease can be an indicator that the malignant type may show up in the future.

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